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All Vitamins

All Vitamins

  What are Vitamins ?

A vitamin is one of a group of organic substances, present in minute amounts in natural foodstuffs, that are essential to normal metabolism; insufficient amounts in the diet may cause deficiency diseases.
Put simply, a vitamin is both:
  • An organic compound (contains carbon).
  • An essential nutrient the body cannot produce enough of on its own, so it has to get it (tiny amounts) from food.
There are currently 13 recognized vitamins.

Fat soluble and water soluble vitamins

There are fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins.
Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the fat tissues of our bodies, as well as the liver. Fat-soluble vitamins are easier to store than water-soluble ones, and can stay in the body as reserves for days, some of them for months.1
Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of fats (lipids).
Water-soluble vitamins do not get stored in the body for long - they soon get expelled through urine.
Water-soluble vitamins need to be replaced more often than fat-soluble ones.
Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble.
Vitamins C and all the B vitamins are water-soluble.
  • Total List of Vitamins:-


  • Vitamin A
    - Chemical names (vita miner) - retinol, retinal, and four carotenoids (including beta carotene).
    - Fat soluble
    - Deficiency may cause night-blindness and keratomalacia (eye disorder that results in a dry cornea)
    - Good sources include: liver, cod liver oil, carrot, broccoli, sweet potato, butter, kale, spinach, pumpkin, collard greens, some cheeses, egg, apricot, cantaloupe melon, milk.
  • Vitamin B1
    - Chemical name (vita miner) - thiamine
    - Water soluble
    - Deficiency may cause beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoffsyndrome
    - Good sources include: yeast, pork, cereal grains, sunflower seeds, brown rice, whole grain rye, asparagus, kale, cauliflower, potatoes, oranges, liver, and eggs.
  • Vitamin B2
    - Chemical name (vita miner) - riboflavin
    - Water soluble
    - Deficiency may cause ariboflavinosis
    - Good sources include: asparagus, bananas, persimmons, okra, chard, cottage cheese, milk, yogurt, meat, eggs, fish, and green beans.
  • Vitamin B3
    - Chemical names (vita miner) - niacin, niacinamide - Water soluble
    - Deficiency may cause pellagra
    - Good sources include: liver, heart, kidney, chicken, beef, fish (tuna, salmon), milk, eggs, avocados, dates, tomatoes, leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrots, sweet potatoes, asparagus, nuts, whole grains, legumes, mushrooms, and brewer's yeast.
  • Vitamin B5
    - Chemical name (vita miner) - pantothenic acid
    - Water soluble
    - Deficiency may cause paresthesia
    - Good sources include: meats, whole grains (milling may remove it), broccoli, avocados, royal jelly, fish ovaries.
  • Vitamin B6
    - Chemical names (vita miner) - pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal
    - Water soluble
    - Deficiency may cause anemia, peripheral neuropathy
    - Good sources include: meats, bananas, whole grains, vegetables, and nuts. When milk is dried it loses about half of its B6. Freezing and canning can also reduce content.
  • Vitamin B7
    - Chemical name (vita miner) - biotin
    - Water soluble
    - Deficiency may cause dermatitis, enteritis
    - Good sources include: egg yolk, liver, some vegetables.
  • Vitamin B9
    - Chemical names (vita miner) - folic acid, folinic acid
    - Water soluble
    - Deficiency may cause pregnancy deficiency linked to birth defects
    - Good sources include: leafy vegetables, legumes, liver, baker's yeast, some fortified grain products, sunflower seeds. Several fruits have moderate amounts, as does beer.
  • Vitamin B12
    - Chemical names (vita miner) - cyanocobalamin, hydroxycobalamin, methylcobalamin
    - Water soluble
    - Deficiency may cause megaloblastic anemia
    - Good sources include: fish, shellfish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, and dairy products. Some fortified cereals and soy products, as well as fortified nutritional yeast.
    Vegans are advised to take B12 supplements.4
  • Vitamin C
    - Chemical names (vita miner) - ascorbic acid
    - Water soluble
    - Deficiency may cause megaloblastic anemia
    - Good sources include: fruit and vegetables. The Kakadu plum and the camu camu fruit have the highest vitamin C contents of all foods. Liver also has vitamin C.
  • Vitamin D
    - Chemical names (vita miner) - ergocalciferol, cholecalciferol
    - Fat soluble
    - Deficiency may cause rickets, osteomalacia
    - Good sources: produced in the skin after exposure to ultraviolet B light from the sun or artificial sources. Also found in fatty fish, eggs, beef liver, and mushrooms.
  • Vitamin E
    - Chemical names (vita miner) - tocopherols, tocotrienols
    - Fat soluble
    - Deficiency is uncommon. May cause mild hemolytic anemia in newborns
    - Good sources include: kiwi fruit, almonds, avocado, eggs, milk, nuts, leafy green vegetables, unheated vegetable oils, wheat germ, and wholegrains.
  • Vitamin K
    - Chemical names (vita miner) - phylloquinone, menaquinones
    - Fat soluble
    - Deficiency may cause bleeding diathesis
    - Good sources include: leafy green vegetables, avocado, kiwi fruit. Parsley contain a lot of vitamin K.

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